The Militant Song Movement in Latin America: Chile, Uruguay, and Argentina

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Pablo Vila
Lexington Books, 2014 M05 1 - 292 pages
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Latin America in the 1960s and 1970s underwent a profound and often violent process of social change. From the Cuban Revolution to the massive guerrilla movements in Argentina, Uruguay, Peru, Colombia, and most of Central America, to the democratic socialist experiment of Allende in Chile, to the increased popularity of socialist-oriented parties in Uruguay, or para-socialist movements, such as the Juventud Peronista in Argentina, the idea of social change was in the air. Although this topic has been explored from a political and social point of view, there is an aspect that has remained fairly unexplored. The cultural—and especially musical—dimension of this movement, so vital in order to comprehend the extent of its emotional appeal, has not been fully documented. Without an account of how music was pervasively used in the construction of the emotional components that always accompany political action, any explanation of what occurred in Latin America during that period will be always partial. This book is an initial attempt to overcome this deficit.

In this collection of essays, we examine the history of the militant song movement in Chile, Uruguay, and Argentina at the peak of its popularity (from the mid-1960s to the coup d’états in the mid-1970s), considering their different political stances and musical deportments. Throughout the book, the contribution of the most important musicians of the movement (Violeta Parra, Víctor Jara, Patricio Manns, Quilapayún, Inti-Illimani, etc., in Chile; Daniel Viglietti, Alfredo Zitarrosa, Los Olimareños, etc., in Uruguay; Atahualpa Yupanqui, Horacio Guarany, Mercedes Sosa, Marian Farías Gómez, Armando Tejada Gómez, César Isella, Víctor Heredia, Los Trovadores, etc., in Argentina) are highlighted; and some of the most important conceptual extended oeuvres of the period (called “cantatas”) are analyzed (such as “La Cantata Popular Santa María de Iquique” in the Chilean case and “Montoneros” in the Argentine case). The contributors to the collection deal with the complex relationship that the aesthetic of the movement established between the political content of the lyrics and the musical and performative aspects of the most popular songs of the period.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
1 New Song in Chile
19
2 Remembrance Is Not Enough No basta solo el recuerdo
45
3 The Chilean New Songs cueca larga
71
4 Modern Foundations of Uruguayan Popular Music
97
5 Popular Music and the Avantgarde in Uruguay
121
Poetry and Music in Uruguay 19601985
141
7 Atahualpa Yupanqui
163
8 A Brief History of the Militant Song Movement in Argentina
193
9 The Revolutionary Patria and Its New WoMen
229
References
249
Index
267
About the Contributors
279
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About the author (2014)

Pablo Vila is professor of sociology at Temple University.

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